Nobel Prize – Physiology and Medicine 2021
David Julius and Arden Patapoutian received the Nobel prize in Physiology and Medicine 2021 for demonstrating how nerve impulses are triggered in the skin so that temperature and pressure can be perceived.
Patapoutian and his colleagues set out to understand how cells respond to touch, and through laborious experiments into 72 genes; identified genes carrying the blueprints for a receptor named Piezo1 that allowed cells to respond to pressure and Piezo2, which has a dual role of sensing body position and movement or proprioception.
Source BBC News
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